Culture 1 – Piast & Jagiellon Dynasties

September 2011- May 2012:

From the antiquity, through Piast Dynasty (960 – 1370 AD), till the end of Jagiellon Dynasty (1386 – 1572 AD)

Historical Themes and Events Chronologically:

Piasts Dynasty (966 AD – 1370 AD) Dates to memorize:
IX century St. Cyril and Methodius
966 Baptism of Poland
972 Battle of Cedynia
997 St. Adalbert’s mission (św. Wojciech)
1000 Congress of Gniezno
1025 Coronation of Bolesław Chrobry
1079 martyrdom of St. Stanislaus, bishop (king Bolesław Smiały) – protomartir Polonorum
1109 Batlle of Hundsfeld and battle of Głogów
1116 death of Gallus Anonymus – first Polish historian
1138 Death of Bolesław Krzywousty; beginning of feudal partitions
1221 St. Hyacinth and Ceslaus become first Polish Dominicans
1226 Teutonic Knights come to Poland 1241 Mongol (Tatars) invasion; Battle of Legnitz
1320 Coronation of king Lokietek; Poland united
1327 Teutonic War starts
1331 Battle of Płowce
1335 – Zjazd w Wyszechradzie
1364 Jagiellonian University established
1370 death of Kazimierz Wielki, end of Piast dynasty
July 14th 1410 Battle of Grunwald
1444 – Battle of Varna
April 10th 1525 Prussian Homage
1543 Copernicus
1569 Union of Lublin
1572 death of Sigismund II Augustus, end of Jagiellon dynasty

 Week 1: Polish Pronunciation. Geography of contemporary Central Europe and Poland. Political and religious situation of Europe in 7th-10th century.

Latin/Byzantine/Pagan Europe. Christian missions – St. Cyril and Methodius mission to Moravia; Old Church Slavonic language vs. Latin. Why Poland had not become Byzantine. Foundations of Latin civilization in Poland vs Byzantine civilization in the East.

Christianization of Poland A.D. 965, Jan Matejko; Zaprowadzenie chrześcijaństwa R.P. 965, Jan Matejko;

Piast Dynasty

Week 2: Slavic people and their culture.

Western Slavs. Tribes never conquered by Romans. Amber Road. Biskupin. Pagan beliefs. Luzic culture. Legends: 1. Gniazdo 2. Piast Kołodziej 3. Popiel 4. Lech, Czech, Rus 5. Krak, smok wawelski, Wanda

Week 3: Mieszko I 935 – 992

Baptism of Poland, Battle of Cedynia, św. Wojciech (St. Adalbert); Dagome iudex; Gniezno; first Archdioceses in Poland: Gniezno (diocesies of Wroclaw, Krakow, Kolobrzeg) & Poznan;

Week 4: Bolesław Chrobry (Bolesław I the Brave or the Valiant) 967-1025

997 – St. Adalbert; 1000 – Congress of Gniezno; Polish-German war, Battle of Niemcza; Kiev crisis – Grody Czerwińskie; First martyrs; Coronation

Week 5: Mieszko Lambert 990 – 1034; Kazimierz Odnowiciel 1016 – 1058; Bolesław Smiały 1042 – 1082

Weakening of Poland – paganism; Beginning of knighthood in Poland; Martyrdom of St. Stanislaus (Polish Becket);

Week 6: Bolesław Krzywousty 1086 – 1138 and Feudal Partitions 1138 – 1320

War with Germans – Battle of Głogów and Psie Pole 1109 (medieval war machines); Pomerania; Gall Anonim & Wincenty Kadłubek; Wincenty of Kielcza – Gaude Mater Polonia; Feudal Partitions; 1226 – Teutonic Knights in Poland;

Week 7: St. Hyacinth of Poland (Jacek Odrowąż)1183 – 1257

Book: Saint Hyacinth of Poland by M. Windeatt
Monasticism in Poland – Cistercians (Księga Henrykowska – oldest Polish written sentence known), Benedictines (Tyniec, Lubin), Franciscans, Dominicans; St. Kinga 1224 – 1292 – Poor
Clares (Historia gloriosissimi Stanislai 1254 Omnia Beneficia – klaryski z Nowego Sacza, Notre Dame school (poliphony); Romanesque art; Holy Mass: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei; )

Week 8: Tatar Invasions (Mongols) 1241

Dzhyngis Khan; Henryk Brodaty and Henryk Pobożny – Battle of Legnitz; St. Mary’s Dawn (Hejnał Mariacki); archbishop Jakub Swinka;

Week 9: Władysław Lokietek 1260 – 1333 Kazimierz Wielki 1310 – 1370

1320 coronation; 1331 – Battle of Płowce; Jadwiga (Hedwig of Kalisz) – Queens Crown; Building of Polish nation – law and currency; Kraków’s gathering – Banquet at Wierzynek’s; 1364 & 1400 Jagiellonian University; Education in medieval Europe – Liberal arts; canonical schools; St. Jadwiga Queen of Poland book: The Life Of St. Queen Jadwiga (1374-1399) – Zycie Swiętej
Week 10: Wierzynek’s Banquet 1364

Polish food – kasze, bigos, barszcz and movie

Bitwa pod Grunwaldem - Battle of Grunwald; Jan Matejko

Jagiellon Dynasty

Week 11: Jagiełło 1351 – 1434 & Queen Jadwiga

Jadwiga Queen of Poland (1399); Polish – Lithuanian Union; Baptism of Lithuania; Grunwald July 14th 1410 – Bogurodzica; The Black Knight (Zawisza Czarny); book: The Trumpeter Of Kraków by Janina Domańska

Week 12: Warneńczyk 1424 – 1444 i Kazimierz Jagiellończyk 1427 – 1492

Turks invading Hungary; Battle of Varna 1444; Szlachta; Jan Długosz; Malbork castle; 13 year war; św. Szymon z Lipnicy 1482; St. Casimir (św. Kazimierz Jagiellończyk); St. John of Dukla (św. Jan z Dukli); św. Jan Kanty ( St. John Cantius)

Week 13: Golden Age (16th century)

Science: Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik) and Galileo Galilei; Poetry: Mikołaj Rej, Jan Kochanowski; Music: Wacław z Szamotuł & Gomółka; Art: Gothic architecture; Alterpiece of Veit Stoss (Ołtarz Wita Stwosza)

Week 14: Zygmunt Stary 1467 – 1548 & Zygmunt August 1520 – 1572

Prussian Homage (Hołd Pruski) April 10th 1525; Sigismund bell (Dzwon Zygmunta) Królowa Bona; Barbara Radziwiłł; Reformation and freedom of religion; Union of Lublin 1569; Pan Twardowski legend; St. Stanislaus Kostka 1550 – 1568 and Jesuits in Poland;

Historical movies:

Gniazdo – Cradle (10th century; Mieszko I) Netflix

Stara BasnThe Old Fairy Tale (9th century; Popiel)

Bitwa pod Cedynią (Mieszko I – 972)

Bolesław Smiały

Dux Polonorum – Niemcza (Chrobry)

Gniewko Syn Rybaka (1306 – 1331)

Kazimierz Wielki

Historia żółtej ciżemki

Kopernik

Królewskie Sny (Jagiełło)

Płowce (1331 – Łokietek)

Krzyżacy (Teutonic Knights)

Prayers in Polish:

  1. Our Father
  2. Hail Mary
  3. Glory be

Songs/Music:

Gaude Mater Polonia ( the oldest Polish anthem)

Bogurodzica (the oldest Polish song – Mother of God)

Christmas Carols

Lent and Easter hymns

Literature and sources:

Gallus Anonimus (Gesta principum Polonorum; The Deeds of the Princes of Poland)

Jan Długosz (Annales seu Cronicae incliti Regni Poloniae Annals or Chronicles of  the famous Kingdom of Poland)
Wincenty Kadłubek

Polish Legends series

Polish History Comics

Saint Hyacinth of Poland by M. Windeatt

The Life Of St. Queen Jadwiga (1374-1399) – Zycie Swiętej

The Trumpeter Of Kraków by Janina Domańska

The Knights of the Cross by H. Sienkiewicz (second version)

Ilustrowane Dzieje Polski P. Małyszko

Historia Polski dla Piotrka by S. Marciniak

Jan Kochanowski

Polish Fables by Ignacy Krasicki

God’s Playground: A History of Poland by Norman Davies

Medieval Polish Armies

Tannenberg 1410

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